Allah is the creator of all languages. He understands our needs and thoughts even more than we do. But can we make du'a in a different language while we are praying?
The surahs and supplications recited in prayer are in Arabic. What if you are in sujood and want to recite extra du'a, but you don't know how to speak Arabic? Is it permissible to make du'a in my own language?
Shaykh Waleed Basyouni answers.
Alhumdulillah was-Salatu was-Salamu ‘ala Rasoulillah wa Ba’d. This question is in regards to making du'a during the salah, during prayer, with language other than the Arabic language: Would that be permissible? According to the strongest opinion of the Fuqaha (raheemuhallah): it is allowed for those who don't know Arabic. And when we say, “Don't know,” it means they don't know how to say it or they don't know what it means. Even if they say words, but they can't understand the meaning of it or reflect upon the meaning of these words: this du'a has no impact on them. These are considered the people who don't understand Arabic language or they don't understand fully what they are saying. Like: a lot of new Muslims, people who don't know Arabic at all, those people, it is allowed for them to make du'a in their own language.
Even if you know how to say Subhana Rabbi al-A’theem, Subhana Rabbi al-A’laa in Arabic, you can follow that with du'a with your own language, English, French, Urdu, Bengali, Malay. Whatever language that you speak, it will be permissible. And even Imam Abu Hanifa (raheemuhallah) would go as far as to say: ‘Even if you know Arabic, you're allowed to make [du’a in a] language other than the Arabic language’. But the majority of the Fuqaha said: for those who cannot [understand Arabic], they can do it in their own language.
And I feel very comfortable with that. I encourage you to take advantage of salah to make du'a; and it doesn't matter: obligatory prayer or voluntary prayers. May Allah (subhanahu wa ta’aala) accept from all of us.